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  1. There are two species of Mus in the Caucasus: M. musculus and M. macedonicus. M. musculus is widespread in the Caucasus, where the species is found everywhere from the Black to the Caspian Sea. M. macedonicus is ...

    Authors: Fatimat Tembotova, Ekaterina Kuchinova, Albina Amshokova and Ekaretina Kononenko

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The morphology of anuran larvae is suggested to differ between species with tadpoles living in standing (lentic) and running (lotic) waters. To explore which character combinations within the general tadpole m...

    Authors: Jörn Laudor, Arne Schulze, Michael Veith, Bruno Viertel, Ortwin Elle and Stefan Lötters

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:28

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rodents are thought to be produced their human-audible calls (AUDs, below 20 kHz) with phonation mechanism based on vibration of the vocal folds, whereas their ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs, over 20 kHz) are ...

    Authors: Ilya A. Volodin, Daria D. Yurlova, Olga G. Ilchenko and Elena V. Volodina

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  4. Increasing temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns threaten the existence of many organisms. It is therefore informative to identify the functional traits that underlie differences in desiccation re...

    Authors: Beatrice Nervo, Angela Roggero, Dan Chamberlain, Enrico Caprio, Antonio Rolando and Claudia Palestrini

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:26

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The causes of geographic variation of body size in ectotherms have generally been attributed to environmental variables. Research in amphibians has favored mechanisms that involve water availability as an expl...

    Authors: Felipe Durán, Marco A. Méndez and Claudio Correa

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:25

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although acoustic communication plays an essential role in the social interactions of Rallidae, our knowledge of how Rallidae encode diverse types of information using simple vocalizations is limited. We recor...

    Authors: Changjian Fu, Atul Kathait, Guangyi Lu, Xiang Li, Feng Li and Xiaoying Xing

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:24

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Monogeneans, in general, show a range of unique adaptations to a parasitic lifestyle, making this group enormously diverse. Due to their unique biological properties, diplozoid monogeneans represent an attract...

    Authors: Andrea Valigurová, Naděžda Vaškovicová, Milan Gelnar, Magdaléna Kováčiková and Iveta Hodová

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:23

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prioritizing groupings of organisms or ‘units’ below the species level is a critical issue for conservation purposes. Several techniques encompassing different time-frames, from genetics to ecological markers,...

    Authors: Elena B. Papale, Marta A. Azzolin, Irma Cascão, Alexandre Gannier, Marc O. Lammers, Vidal M. Martin, Julie N. Oswald, Monica Perez-Gil, Rui Prieto, Mónica A. Silva, Marco Torri and Cristina Giacoma

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  9. Rainbow trout is an economically important fish in aquaculture and is a model species in environmental physiology. Despite earlier research on the seawater adaptability of rainbow trout at different temperatur...

    Authors: Jian Ge, Yangen Zhou, Ming Huang, Qinfeng Gao, Yunwei Dong and Shuanglin Dong

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  10. Aphids can be positioned as robust pest insects in farming and as ones of the model organisms for arthropods in molecular biology. Carotenoids are pigments that protect organisms from photooxidative damage cau...

    Authors: Miho Takemura, Takashi Maoka, Takashi Koyanagi, Naoki Kawase, Ritsuo Nishida, Tsutomu Tsuchida, Mantaro Hironaka, Tetsuyuki Ueda and Norihiko Misawa

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:19

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In polygynous mammals, signalling may play a decisive role in mating behavior, mediating the intensity of male fights and female mate choice. During the rutting season, male red deer may show a visible dark pa...

    Authors: Eva de la Peña, Javier Pérez-González, José Martín, Giovanni Vedel and Juan Carranza

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  12. With Panamanian golden frogs (Atelopus zeteki; PGFs) likely extirpated from the wild, ensuring long-term sustainability of captive populations is crucial in order to conserve this critically endangered species. U...

    Authors: Ellen Bronson, Emmet L. Guy, Kevin J. Murphy, Kevin Barrett, Andrew J. Kouba, Vicky Poole and Carrie K. Kouba

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:17

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The placenta of hystricomorph rodents, lagomorphs and some primates includes an unusual structure, termed a subplacenta, which essentially consists of trophoblastic cells located deep to the central implantati...

    Authors: Maria Angelica Miglino, Gustavo de Sá Schiavo Matias, Nathia Nathaly Rigoglio, Jessica Borghesi, Taís Harumi de Castro Sasahara, Maria Josephina Illera del Portal, Juan Carlos Illera del Portal, Gema Silván Granado, Sara Cristina Caceres Ramos, Moacir Franco de Oliveira and Alan James Conley

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Teleost fish are known to respond to environmental manipulation, which makes them an ideal model animal for testing relationships between the environment and behavior. The Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens, ...

    Authors: Eri Iwata, Kyouhei Masamoto, Hiroyuki Kuga and Miho Ogino

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Orange-fronted Parakeet (Eupsittula canicularis) is the Mexican psittacine that is most captured for the illegal pet trade. However, as for most wildlife exploited by illegal trade, the genetic diversity that...

    Authors: Gabriela Padilla-Jacobo, Tiberio C. Monterrubio-Rico, Horacio Cano-Camacho and María Guadalupe Zavala-Páramo

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Flycatching bats are species-rare and comprise predominantly horseshoe bats (Rhinolophidae). Their hang-and-wait foraging mode and long constant-frequency echolocation calls offer advantages in energetics and ...

    Authors: Ya-Fu Lee, Yen-Min Kuo, Wen-Chen Chu, Yu-Hsiu Lin, Hsiang-Yi Chang, Hsing-Yi Chang and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:13

    Content type: Research

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  17. White-nose Syndrome (WNS) has reduced the abundance of many bat species within the United States’ Mid-Atlantic region. To determine changes within the National Park Service National Capital Region (NCR) bat co...

    Authors: Sabrina Deeley, Joshua B. Johnson, W. Mark Ford and J. Edward Gates

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Fundamental knowledge on microscopic structures of the whole female chondrichthyan genital ducts from a single species remains unavailable. The present study describes microanatomy of the entire female genital...

    Authors: Nittaya Somsap, Nopparat Srakaew and Kannika Chatchavalvanich

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this study was to analyze the seasonal distribution of the nematode Hedruris dratini parasitizing the South American Snake-necked turtle Hydromedusa tectifera and the amphipod Hyalella spp. in an urban...

    Authors: Ezequiel Palumbo, María Julia Cassano, Leandro Alcalde and Julia Inés Diaz

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  20. Barbels are ray finned cyprinid fishes of the Old-World with partially unresolved, intricate taxonomy. Within the Barbus sensu lato paraphyletic assemblage, Barbus sensu stricto is a monophyletic tetraploid linea...

    Authors: Giovanni Rossi, Federico Plazzi, Gianluca Zuffi, Andrea Marchi, Salvatore De Bonis, Marco Valli, Petra Marinšek and Rosanna Falconi

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The key to fishery management is knowing the appropriate reproductive strategies of the targeted fish. For most gobiid species, the iteroparous pattern is dominant compared to semelparity. Albeit Butis koilomatod...

    Authors: Quang M. Dinh, Tran T. H. Lam, Ton H. D. Nguyen, Thanh M. Nguyen, Tien T. K. Nguyen and Nam T. Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Populations of long-distance migratory birds experience different environments and are consequently exposed to different parasites throughout their annual cycles. Though, specific whereabouts and accompanied h...

    Authors: Steffen Hahn, Martins Briedis, Christos Barboutis, Raffaella Schmid, Martin Schulze, Nina Seifert, Tibor Szép and Tamara Emmenegger

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The sedentary polychaete Sabellaria alveolata, the sandcastle or honeycomb worm, possesses four different kinds of appendages besides the parapodia: opercular papillae, tentacular filaments, palps, and branchiae....

    Authors: Christian Meyer, Thomas André and Günter Purschke

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:5

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Among Oligohymenophorea (Ciliophora, Alveolata) the subclass Peniculia stands as one of the most well-known groups. Frontonia is the largest genus of Peniculia, and its representatives are spread in any type of w...

    Authors: Valentina Serra, Aldo D’Alessandro, Venkatamahesh Nitla, Leandro Gammuto, Letizia Modeo, Giulio Petroni and Sergei I. Fokin

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:4

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Phylogenetic studies of widespread European fish species often do not completely cover their entire distribution area, and some areas are often excluded from analyses than others. For example, Carpathian stock...

    Authors: Péter Takács, Árpád Ferincz, István Imecs, Balázs Kovács, András Attila Nagy, Katalin Ihász, Zoltán Vitál and Eszter Csoma

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Human-monkey conflict exists in different forms all over the world and is experienced more in developing countries. The conflict between human and grivet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) ranks among the main threats...

    Authors: Yibelu Yitayih, Dessalegn Ejigu and Misganaw Mola

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2021 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Formosan Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla) is one of the three subspecies of Chinese pangolins, it is also an isolated sub-species naturally habitat in Taiwan. Despite earlier report on successful breedi...

    Authors: Yu-Chia Chang, Jane-Fang Yu, Tse-En Wang, Shih-Chien Chin, Yu-Syuan Wei, Ting-Yu Chen and Pei-Shiue Tsai

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:15

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Organisms show an incredibly diverse array of body and organ shapes that are both unique to their taxon and important for adapting to their environment. Achieving these specific shapes involves coordinating th...

    Authors: Ansa E. Cobham and Christen K. Mirth

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:14

    Content type: Review

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  29. In Camponotus sericeus (Fabricius), foraging ants are recruited mostly as individuals but occasionally as small groups that move in a single file. We studied the structure and organization of these small foraging...

    Authors: Panayanthatta Ashwathi, Barman Puspita and K. N. Ganeshaiah

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Aggressive interactions between bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) have been reported in different parts of the world since the late 1990s. In the Baltic Sea, harbor...

    Authors: Stephanie Gross, Philip Claus, Peter Wohlsein, Tina Kesselring, Jan Lakemeyer, Anja Reckendorf, Marco Roller, Ralph Tiedemann and Ursula Siebert

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:12

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Many animals in coral reefs exhibit lunar cycles in their reproduction, showing synchronous gametogenesis and spawning at a particular moon phase. How these lunar reproductive cycles are endogenously regulated...

    Authors: Kodai Fukunaga, Fumika Yamashina, Yuki Takeuchi, Chihiro Yamauchi and Akihiro Takemura

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To effectively conserve migratory species, the entire range encompassed by their annual life cycle needs to be considered. Most research on Nearctic-Neotropical migratory birds has focused on the breeding grou...

    Authors: A. Roberto-Charron, J. Kennedy, L. Reitsma, J. A. Tremblay, R. Krikun, K. A. Hobson, J. Ibarzabal and K. C. Fraser

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Natural enemy abundance in a crop plot depends on its prey presence and also influenced by habitats close to field. Landscape changes are also important factors driving pest and natural enemy population abunda...

    Authors: M. P. Ali, M. M. M. Kabir, S. S. Haque, S. Afrin, N. Ahmed, Barry Pittendrigh and Xinghu Qin

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The ability to imitate sounds depends on a process called vocal production learning, a rare evolutionary trait. In addition to the few mammalian groups that possess this ability, vocal production learning has ...

    Authors: Amanda Monte, Alexander F. Cerwenka, Bernhard Ruthensteiner, Manfred Gahr and Daniel N. Düring

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Increases in global mean temperature, changes in rainfall patterns, and extreme climatic events are expected results of climate change. The individual effects of elevated temperature and precipitation on insec...

    Authors: M. P. Ali, M. N. Bari, S. S. Haque, M. M. M. Kabir, F. Nowrin, T. R. Choudhury, R. W. Mankin and N. Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The mechanism by which sea anemones attach to surfaces underwater remains elusive, which is surprising given their ubiquitous distribution in the world’s oceans and tractability for experimental biology. Their...

    Authors: Jessica L. Clarke, Peter A. Davey and Nick Aldred

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:5

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Sexual behavior in Drosophila melanogaster flies is greatly influenced by chemical cues. In this study, a spatial distribution of female and male sex pheromones was investigated on the surface of virgin and mated...

    Authors: Filip Kaftan, Purva Kulkarni, Markus Knaden, Sebastian Böcker, Bill S. Hansson and Aleš Svatoš

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Non-invasive biomarkers can facilitate health assessments in wild primate populations by reducing the need for direct access to animals. Neopterin is a biomarker that is a product of the cell-mediated immune r...

    Authors: Alexandra J. Sacco, Jessica A. Mayhew, Mrinalini Watsa, Gideon Erkenswick and April K. Binder

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Habitat loss is a key threat to the survival of many species. Habitat selection studies provide key information for conservation initiatives by identifying important habitat and anthropogenic characteristics i...

    Authors: Helen M. K. O’Neill, Sarah M. Durant and Rosie Woodroffe

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2020 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Suction organs provide powerful yet dynamic attachments for many aquatic animals, including octopus, squid, remora, and clingfish. While the functional morphology of suction organs from some cephalopods and fi...

    Authors: Victor Kang, Richard Johnston, Thomas van de Kamp, Tomáš Faragó and Walter Federle

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The morphological structures of organisms form tightly integrated but mutually independent character complexes (modules) linked through common development and function. Even though their abundance, diversity, ...

    Authors: A. Laciny, H. L. Nemeschkal, H. Zettel, B. Metscher and I. S. Druzhinina

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Males of the microscopic annelid family Dinophilidae use their prominent glandomuscular copulatory organ (penis) to enzymatically dissolve the female’s epidermis and thereafter inject sperm. In order to test f...

    Authors: Alexandra Kerbl, Emilie Winther Tolstrup and Katrine Worsaae

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Very little is known about the temporal or spatial movement patterns of Chinese giant salamanders (Andrias davidianus) due to their rarity, remote habitat and secretive nature. Commercial breeding farms provide a...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Hu Zhao, Scott Willard, Qijun Wang, Wei Jiang, Hong-Xing Zhang and Andrew Kouba

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Nematodes are an important component of deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities, but only few nematode species are able to cope to the harsh conditions of the most active vent sites. The genus Oncholaimus is known...

    Authors: Daniela Zeppilli, Laure Bellec, Marie-Anne Cambon-Bonavita, Wilfrida Decraemer, Diego Fontaneto, Sandra Fuchs, Nicolas Gayet, Perrine Mandon, Loïc N. Michel, Marie Portail, Nic Smol, Martin V. Sørensen, Ann Vanreusel and Jozée Sarrazin

    Citation: BMC Zoology 2019 4:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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