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Table 1 Carotenoid content and composition of various aphid species that belong to the Aphididae family

From: Elucidation of the whole carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of aphids at the gene level and arthropodal food chain involving aphids and the red dragonfly

Aphid species The broad bean aphid The pea aphid Japanese radish aphid “Taiwan bear aphid” Celery aphid  The Asian woolly hackberry aphid Cotton aphid Large chestnut aphid
  Megoura crassicauda Acyrthosiphon pisum Brevicoryne brassicae Uroleucon formosanum Semiaphis heraclei Shivaphis celti Aphis gossypii Lachnus tropicalis
Collected placea Koka-shi, Shiga; Koka-shi, Shiga; Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto
  Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Sakyo-ku, Kyoto       
Total carotenoid content (μg/g) 133.6 39.7 52.0 72.7 170 26.5 192.7 0
Carotenoid composition (%)
 β,β-carotene (β-carotene) 19.5 70.2 14.0 19.4 22.1 5.8 14.7  
 β-zeacarotene      1.8 51.6 0.5  
 β,ψ-carotene (γ-carotene)   2.2   33.5 11.2 13.5 58.5  
 γ,ψ-carotene 13.7 1.2 12.0   7.5 6.4   
 β,γ-carotene 48.8 15.9 33.8 38.8 33.7 14.8 23.6  
 γ,γ-carotene 4.3 3.7 10.0   13.1    
 Torulene    12.8      
 Others 13.7 6.8 17.4 8.3 10.6 7.9 2.7  
 Body number examined 50 100 45 56 45 50 not counted not counted
  1. aAphid samples, whose all were wingless forms, were collected between May and June, 2019